Thursday, March 31, 2011

Simple present tense

Structure:

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
AFIRMATIVE
NEGATIVE
INTERROGATIVE
I play
I do not/don’t play
Do I play?
You play
You do not/don’t play
Do you play?
He plays
He does not/doesn’t play
Does he play?
She plays
She  does not/doesn’t play
Does she play?
It plays
It does not/doesn’t play
Does it play?
We play
We do not/don’t play
Do we play?
You play
We do not/don’t play
Do we play?
They play
They do not/don’t play
Do they play?


USE 1 Repeated Actions
Use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. Examples:
o    I play tennis everyday.
o    Marcos does’t go to the movies every month.
o    Does he play tennis every week?
o    The train leaves every morning at 8 AM.
o    The train doesn’t leave at 9 AM.
o    When does the train usually leave?
o    She always forgets her purse.
o    He never forgets his wallet.
o    Every twelve months, the Earth circles the Sun.
o    Does the Sun circle the Earth?

Time Markers

We use the following time markers in the simple present tense:
Always, usually, sometimes, often, never, seldom, rarely, every day/week/month, at the weekend, on Sundays, at night, once/twice/three times a month/year.


USE 2 Facts or Generalizations
The Simple Present can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. It is not important if the speaker is correct about the fact. It is also used to make generalizations about people or things.
Examples:
§  Cats like milk.
§  Birds don’t milk.
§  Do chicken like milk?
§  California is in America.
§  California isn’t in the United Kingdom.
§  Michelle is an English teacher.


Verb to be

The verb to be is also an auxiliary verb that's why we do not have to use do/does to form the interrogative or negative form. 


Structure
SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE – Verb to be
AFIRMATIVE
NEGATIVE
INTERROGATIVE
I am a good student.
I’m not a good student.
Am I a good student??
You are a good student.
You are not/aren’t a good student.
Are you a good student?
He is a good student.
He is not/isn’t a good student.
Is he a good student?
She is a good student.
She  is not/ isn’t a good student.
Is she a good student?
It is good to study.
It is not/isn’t good to study.
Is it good to study?
We are good students.
We are not/aren’t good students.
Are we good students?
You are good students.
We are not/ aren’t good students.
Are you good students?
They are good students.
They are not/aren’t good students.
Are they good students?



1 comment:

RAR said...

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